February 2006

Vol 3, no.2

February 2006

News and analysis

Transmission electron micrograph of rubella virus. CDC/Erskine Palmer

Rubella vaccines for the former USSR

17 January 2006

The Wistar Institute, US, has licensed the seed stock for its rubella vaccine to Russian state-run company Microgen.


Professor Tony Ryan

Chemistry World ed-board member gets gong

10 January 2006

Chemistry World ed-board member Tony Ryan was awarded an OBE in the Queen's New Year honours list.


Europe could lead the way in nanomedicine

22 December 2005

European researchers are developing leading technologies in the emerging field of nanomedicine but have few opportunities to exploit them commercially.


jet fighters

Atomised alloy for stronger, lighter, cheaper aircraft

05 January 2006

Researchers at the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have developed an aluminium alloy they say could significantly improve jet aircraft design and reduce costs


Bottled water

Toxic risk in bottled water?

19 January 2006

Plastic bottles continuously leach antimony into drinking water, geochemists in Germany claim.


Kelp forest

Waste seaweed mops up heavy metals

20 January 2006

Waste seaweed from the alginate industry could decontaminate water from disused mines.


Business roundup

Industry news


Funding briefs

Short items


Chemical Science

Bone

Material scientists make bones crack up

12 December 2005

Material scientists have discovered why bones fracture more easily in some directions than others.


Getting liquids to follow the light

21 December 2005

US researchers have taken advantage of the so-called coffee-ring effect to move liquids around using only heated gold nanoparticles.


leaf litter

Trees implicated in greenhouse gas conundrum

12 January 2006

An unexpected discovery has shown that plants emit millions of tonnes of methane every year


in the hands of water

Is water the answer to nature's handedness?

23 January 2006

Water molecules cause biological systems to prefer left-handed chiral centres, say scientists from Israel and the US.


blood sample

Biological junk finds use in cancer detection

11 January 2006

Small peptides found in blood serum can act as effective biomarkers for cancer, US medical researchers have found.


elephant

Isotope ratio analysis to resolve environmental conflict

06 January 2006

Analysis of carbon and nitrogen isotopes contained in the hair on an elephant's tail is helping explain the animals' feeding behaviour.


Molecular guests stay at the gates

13 December 2005

Researchers have simulated the gating of ion channels in the cell with purely inorganic porous nano-capsules built from molybdenum oxide modules.


swollen hydrogel implant

Beating back pain

09 January 2006

A swelling spinal implant promises relief from back pain for sufferers of degenerative disc disease.


new dyes for DVDs

New dyes for DVDs

17 January 2006

A new class of dyes for use as the recording layer in DVDs has been developed by a group of scientists from the Fuji Photo Film Company in Japan.


alphabet letters

Grammatical analysis for protein annotation

09 January 2006

A linguistic approach could revolutionise the analysis and annotation of complex proteome data, an Italian protein expert has argued.


Metallurgists' models predict alloy applications

09 December 2005

Impurities could make soft metals the next-generation materials for jet-engine and nuclear-power plant turbines, claim US scientists.


trans-platinum anticancer agent

Advances in platinum chemotherapy

13 January 2006

Side-effects of platinum containing antitumour drugs could soon be a thing of the past thanks to a new series of platinum compounds developed by researchers in the Netherlands.


nanodroplet

Internal structure of aqueous-organic nanodroplets

05 January 2006

Experimental evidence of the internal structure of aqueous-organic nanodroplets might give greater understanding of the structure and behaviour of nanosized atmospheric droplets.


Microwave cooking for soluble CNTs

20 December 2005

The industrial processing of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) could become much easier with the development of a quick and simple way to make them highly soluble.


Applications stretch out for wavy silicon

15 December 2005

Artificial muscles and electronic skins for space bubbles will be easier to make now that materials scientists in the US have made stretchable and bendable electronic devices.


bleeding

Polyphosphate crucial for clots

16 January 2006

The linear polymer polyphosphate plays an important, but previously unsuspected, role in blood coagulation.


muscle

Synthetic muscle powers hopes of building nanorobot

13 January 2006

A molecular muscle with the power to move nanorobots large and small has been developed by researchers in the UK.


dendrimer

New dendrimer for amino acid detection

04 January 2006

A novel carbosilane dendrimer can tell the difference between the enantiomers of an amino acid.


biomimetic systems

Understanding biomimetic supramolecular assembly

13 January 2006

Research into non-covalent interactions of nucleobases might hold the key to the development of materials for medical and molecular science applications.


neurotransmission at synapse

Using custom-made polymers to detect neurotransmitters

20 January 2006

Materials that recognise neurotransmitter molecules, important for neurological disorders research, have been made.


arsenic

Exposing arsenic in Europe

10 January 2006

Arsenic exposure through drinking water in Hungary, Romania and Slovakia has been monitored by European researchers.


green bacteria

Bacterial light harvesting antennae models

26 January 2006

Man-made mimics of light harvesting bacteria antennae are bringing Japanese researchers closer to making photoactive nanodevices.


separation of Rhodamine B on microchip

Surfactant allows separation of hydrophobic molecules

24 January 2006

Hydrophobic peptides associated with neurodegenerative conditions could now be separated using a microfluidic device technique that utilizes a common surfactant.


Features

Kissing couple

Cupid's chemistry

Scientists are beginning to make sense of romantic love through modern imaging techniques and a multidisciplinary approach. Michael Gross uncovers the method behind the madness


Expansion of Manchester University chemistry department

Survival of the fittest

Chemistry departments are closing, while multidisciplinary centres are opening. The implications of this for chemistry are being hotly debated. Bea Perks explores the issues


Gordon Conway

A man for change

Gordon Conway, the UK Department for International Development's first chief scientific adviser, talks to Karen Harries-Rees about changing a weak scientific culture and improving ...


Micellar intermediate structures as seen by cryoTEM

Colloids in the cold

A form of microscopy is shaking up nanoscience research and forcing scientists to reconsider many established theories. Emma Davies investigates cryoTEM


SusChem logo

An agenda for innovation

The chemical and molecular science communities are invited to participate in a long-term programme to improve innovation and sustainability in Europe. Marian Mours reports


Regulars

Flu injection

Editorial: Fighting avian flu

Vaccines are being developed and tested but manufacturing capacity will be an issue


Your views...

How should chemists respond to open access publishing?


The chemist's guide to.

Nuclear non-proliferation


Anthony Crawshaw

Careers: Taking responsibility

Anthony Crawshaw talks to Karen Harries-Rees about choosing a career as an analytical chemist in the pharmaceutical industry


Crossword and Su Doku

Prize crossword and Su Doku, February 2006


The last retort: A verse to chemistry

Here's a hypothetical liberal arts chemistry exam question


Flashback

February - 10 years ago; 35 years ago; 75 years ago; 120 years ago; 140 years ago; 215 years ago


Letters

Chemistry World Letters, February 2006

Reviews

Chemistry World Reviews, February 2006