Rubber that heals itself
20 February 2008
Schematic view of the rubber like material showing hydrogen bonds
Ludwik Leibler's group at the Soft Matter and Chemistry Laboratory, a joint unit of CNRS and ESPCI (Ecole Supérieure de Physique et de Chimie Industrielle) at Paris, set out to create materials that, like rubber, contain networks of long molecular chains. But instead of the covalent bonds that hold rubber together, they wanted to find molecules that would link together and cross-link with each other through hydrogen bonds. The group chose small molecules (carboxylic acids and amines) that had either two or several connection points.
Their first attempt led to a glassy plastic that displayed rubber-like properties at 90ºC. In order to soften the material at room temperature, they added small amounts of solvent, and obtained a new material that turned out to be just as elastic as ordinary rubber. This low-molecular rubber has the extra benefit that cuts and breaks can be repaired by simply pressing the cleavage sites together because the hydrogen bond network holding it together reconnects within minutes. This property also makes the material easy to recycle.
A sequence of photos showing self-healing being put to the test
© Cordier et al, Nature
'The beautiful work brings the fields of self-healing materials and supramolecular polymers together; a long-held wish is now reality,' Bert Meijer, a professor of molecular sciences at the Eindhoven University of Technology in the Netherlands, told Chemistry World. 'The new work will give an additional boost to the many options of supramolecular materials and they will soon reach the market place, especially since many systems are very easy to synthesize and are cheap.'
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P Cordier et al, Nature, 2008, 451, 977 (DOI: 10.1038/nature06669)
Also of interest
New system allows polymers to 'self-heal' repeatedly
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