FDA shifts on BPA safety
21 January 2010
Rebecca Renner/Pennsylvania, US
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has revised its position on the possible developmental health risks from bisphenol A (BPA), the controversial and widely used ingredient in hard plastic bottles and food packaging that it declared safe in 2008. The shift aligns FDA more closely with US public health agencies that have already expressed concerns about such effects.
FDA said on 15 January that it had 'some concern about the potential effects of BPA on the brain, behaviour and prostate gland in foetuses, infants and young children.' In expressing the concerns the agency is giving more credence to 'recent results from novel toxicological approaches that look at subtle effects,' it said.
To limit children and infant's exposure, the FDA suggests that people should throw away scratched or worn bottles made with BPA because it can leach from the scratches. Children's drink containers made with BPA also should not be used for very hot liquids, the agency advises.
The FDA has provided guidelines for those worried about BPA exposure through baby bottles
© JUPITER IMAGES
US agencies have previously clashed over the plastics component. In 2008 the FDA judged BPA safe. But a National Toxicology Program (NTP) evaluation disagreed, noting 'some concern' that BPA exposure during pregnancy or infancy might impact a child's long-term health. Both FDA and NTP are part of the US Department of Health and Human Services.
Now the FDA agrees. 'At this time we share the perspective of the NTP of some concern of health effects of BPA,' FDA commissioner Margaret Hamburg said. 'In the interim, as a precaution, the FDA is taking reasonable steps to help reduce human exposure to BPA,' she added.
The American Chemistry Council, a major chemical manufacturers' trade group, said that FDA's statement 'confirms that exposure to BPA in food contact products has not been proven harmful to children or adults'. Steve Hentges, executive director of the group's polycarbonate/BPA global group told Chemistry World that they 'would agree that more research is appropriate for some open questions about BPA,' and that the group supported the FDA's 'well conceived' research plans.
Alex Formuzis of the Environmental Working Group, an environmental advocacy group, applauded the FDA move. 'This is a great step forward. For the last decade FDA proclaimed the safety of BPA while scientific studies piled up showing problems,' he says.
In October 2009 the US government announced it was ploughing $30 million (£18.5 million) into BPA research, including FDA studies and 10 two-year animal and human projects covering both developmental and adult chronic exposure.
Interesting? Spread the word using the 'tools' menu on the left.
Also of interest
04 June 2009
The US FDA is reconsidering its stance on the safety of controversial chemical, bisphenol A
11 March 2009
Chemical industry group fights back
04 November 2008
US agency's BPA safety analysis 'inadequate' say science advisors
14 April 2008
Congressmen threaten to subpoena agency on decision not to restrict use of chemical in baby bottles
There are always uncertainties when animal studies are extrapolated into human effects
Comment on this story at the Chemistry World blog
Read other posts and join in the discussion
External links will open in a new browser window