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Metals and acids experiment

Description

Many, but not all, metals react with acids. Hydrogen gas is formed as the metal reacts with the acid to form a salt.

Credits

:
This is an experiment from the Practical Chemistry project, developed by the Nuffield Foundation and the Royal Society of Chemistry.
metals-and-acids-experime...



Apparatus Chemicals

Eye protection

Each working group requires:

Lesson 1

Test-tubes (100 x 16 mm or similar), 8

Test-tube rack

Corks or bungs to fit test-tubes loosely, 2

Bunsen burner

Wood splint (one per group, further splints from teacher in charge)

Lesson 2

Conical flask (100 cm3)

Beaker (100 cm3)

Measuring cylinder (100 cm3)

Glass stirring rod

Spatula

Filter funnel, about 65 mm diameter

Filter paper

Bunsen burner

Tripod

Pipeclay triangle or ceramic gauze (Note 1)

Heat resistant mat

Evaporating basin, at least 50 cm3 capacity

Crystallising dish (Note 2)

Each working group requires:

Lesson 1

Dilute hydrochloric acid, 1 M, 25 cm3

Dilute sulfuric acid, 0.5 M (IRRITANT), 25 cm3

Small granules, coarse filings, or foil pieces of these metals in small labelled containers: Copper, iron, magnesium, zinc

Lesson 2

Small zinc granules, about 5 g in labelled container

Dilute sulfuric acid, 0.5 M (IRRITANT), 50 cm3

Refer to Health & Safety and Technical notes section below for additional information.

 




student sheet 



Page last updated October 2015

Many, but not all, metals react with acids. Hydrogen gas is formed as the metal reacts with the acid to form a salt.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

This is a resource from the Practical Chemistry project, developed by the Nuffield Foundation and the Royal Society of Chemistry. This collection of over 200 practical activities demonstrates a wide range of chemical concepts and processes. Each activity contains comprehensive information for teachers and technicians, including full technical notes and step-by-step procedures. Practical Chemistry activities accompany Practical Physics and Practical Biology .