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- Molecular formula: C6H12O6
- Molar mass: 180.156
- CAS Registry Number: 492-62-6
- Appearance: D-(+)-Glucose, anhydrous, 99%; D-(+)-Glucose, anhydrous, 99%; white powder
- Melting point: 153 to 156 °C
- Boiling point: Not available
- Solubility: Water, 1.2e+006 mg/L (30 deg C), 5e+005 mg/L (20 deg C)
- Safety sheet: Not available
- Spectra: ChemSpider (1H NMR, 13C NMR), NMRShiftDB 13C NMR, also check on SDBS. Add Spectra (Help).
Glucose is a sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6. The name "glucose" (, ) comes from the Greek word γλυκός, meaning "sweet wine, must". The suffix "-ose" is a chemical classifier, denoting a carbohydrate. It is also known as grape sugar. With 6 carbon atoms, it is classed as a hexose, a sub-category of monosaccharides. D-glucose is one of the 16 aldohexose stereoisomers. The D-isomer (D-glucose), also known as dextrose, occurs widely in nature, but the L-isomer (L-glucose) does not. Glucose is made during photosynthesis from water and carbon dioxide, using energy from sunlight. The reverse of the photosynthesis reaction, which releases this energy, is a very important source of power for cellular respiration. Glucose is stored as a polymer, in plants as starch and in animals as glycogen, for times when the organism will need it. Glucose circulates in the blood of animals as blood sugar. Glucose can be obtained by hydrolysis of carbohydrates such as milk, cane sugar, maltose, cellulose, glycogen etc. It is also, however, manufactured by hydrolysis of cornstarch by steaming and diluting acid.
alpha-D-Glucopyranose (IUPAC Name); alpha-Dextrose; alpha-D-Glucose; alpha-Glucose; d-glucose
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