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- Molecular formula: N2O6Pb
- Molar mass: 331.210
- CAS Registry Number: Not available
- Appearance: Not available
- Melting point: 470 °C
- Boiling point: Not available
- Solubility: Freely soluble in water. Soluble in absolute alcohol, methanol. Insoluble in concentrated HNO3
- Safety sheet: Not available
- Spectra: Check on SDBS. Add Spectra (Help).
Known since the Middle Ages by the name plumb dulcis, the production of lead(II) nitrate from either metallic lead or lead oxide in nitric acid was small-scale, for direct use in making other lead compounds. In the 19th century lead(II) nitrate began to be produced commercially in Europe and the United States. Historically, the main use was as a raw material in the production of pigments for lead paints, but such paints have been superseded by less toxic paints based on titanium dioxide. Other industrial uses included heat stabilisation in nylon and polyesters, and in coatings of photothermographic paper. Since around the year 2000, lead(II) nitrate has begun to be used in gold cyanidation.
Lead(II) nitrate is toxic, an oxidising agent, and is categorised as probably carcinogenic to humans by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. Consequently, it must be handled and stored with the appropriate safety precautions to prevent inhalation, ingestion and skin contact. Due to its hazardous nature, the limited applications of lead(II) nitrate are under constant scrutiny.
Lead(2+) dinitrate (IUPAC Name); Lead dinitrate
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