From Learn Chemistry Wiki
- Main ChemSpider page
- Molecular formula: Na2O4S
- Molar mass: 142.042
- CAS Registry Number: 7757-82-6
- Appearance: Sodium sulfate, anhydrous, 99.99% (metals basis); Sodium sulfate, anhydrous, 99%; Sodium sulfate decahydrate, 99%; Sodium sulfate, ACS, 99.0% min; Sodium sulfate, Puratronic®, 99.9955% (metals basis); Sodium sulfate, anhydrous, 99.99% (metals basis); Sodium sulfate, anhydrous, 99%; Sodium sulfate decahydrate, 99%; Sodium sulfate, ACS, 99.0% min; Sodium sulfate, Puratronic®, 99.9955% (metals basis); White crystals or powder
- Melting point: 884 °C
- Boiling point: Not available
- Solubility: Soluble in water. Insoluble in alcohol
- Safety sheet: Not available
- Spectra: Check on SDBS. Add Spectra (Help).
Sodium sulfate is the sodium salt of sulfuric acid. When anhydrous, it is a white crystalline solid of formula Na2SO4 known as the mineral thenardite; the decahydrate Na2SO4·10H2O is found naturally as the mineral mirabilite, and in processed form has been known as Glauber's salt or, historically, sal mirabilis since the 17th century. Another solid is the heptahydrate, which transforms to mirabilite when cooled. With an annual production of 6 million tonnes, it is a major commodity chemical product.
Sodium sulfate is mainly used for the manufacture of detergents and in the Kraft process of paper pulping. About two-thirds of the world's production is from mirabilite, the natural mineral form of the decahydrate, and the remainder from by-products of chemical processes such as hydrochloric acid production.
Disodium sulfate (IUPAC Name); Bisodium sulfate; Dibasic sodium sulfate; Disodium monosulfate; disodium sulphate; sodium sulphate; Sulfuric acid disodium salt; Disodium salt sulfuric acid; thenardite
Please add any relevant references here.