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- Molecular formula: C3H5NO
- Molar mass: 71.078
- CAS Registry Number: Not available
- Appearance: Acrylamide, 99.9%; Acrylamide, 98+%; Acrylamide, 99.9%; Acrylamide, 98+%; White crystalline, odorless solid.
- Melting point: 85 to 86 °C
- Boiling point: 347 to 572
- Solubility: Water, 6.4e+005 mg/L (25 deg C)
- Safety sheet: Not available
- Spectra: NMRShiftDB 13C NMR, Massbank MS (1, 2, 3), also check on SDBS. Add Spectra (Help).
Acrylamide (or acrylic amide) is a chemical compound with the chemical formula C3H5NO. Its IUPAC name is prop-2-enamide. It is a white odourless crystalline solid, soluble in water, ethanol, ether, and chloroform. Acrylamide decomposes in the presence of acids, bases, oxidizing agents, iron, and iron salts. It decomposes non-thermally to form ammonia, and thermal decomposition produces carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and oxides of nitrogen.
Most acrylamide is used to synthesize polyacrylamides, which find many uses as water-soluble thickeners. These include use in wastewater treatment, gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), papermaking, ore processing, and the manufacture of permanent press fabrics. Some acrylamide is used in the manufacture of dyes and the manufacture of other monomers.
Acrylamide is a known lethal neurotoxin (median lethal dose in rabbit = 150 mg/kg) and animal carcinogen. Its discovery in some cooked starchy foods in 2002 prompted concerns about the carcinogenicity of those foods.
Acrylamide (IUPAC Name); 2-Propenamide; 2-Propeneamide; Acrylic acid amide; Acrylic amide; prop-2-enamide; Propenamide; Propeneamide; Amide propenoic acid; vinyl amide
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