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- Molecular formula: C6H7N
- Molar mass: 93.127
- CAS Registry Number: 62-53-3
- Appearance: Aniline, 99+%; Polyaniline; Aniline, ACS, 99+%; Aniline, 99+%; Polyaniline; Aniline, ACS, 99+%; Colorless to brown, oily liquid with an aromatic amine-like odor. [Note: A solid below 21F.]; colourless liquid
- Melting point: -6 °C
- Boiling point: 184 °C
- Solubility: Water, 3.6e+004 mg/L (25 deg C)
- Safety sheet: Not available
- Spectra: ChemSpider (IR (1, 2), 1H NMR (1, 2, 3), 13C NMR (1, 2), UV), NMRShiftDB 13C NMR, Massbank MS (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25), also check on SDBS. Add Spectra (Help).
Aniline, phenylamine or aminobenzene is an organic compound with the formula C6H5NH2. Consisting of a phenyl group attached to an amino group, aniline is the prototypical aromatic amine. Being a precursor to many industrial chemicals, its main use is in the manufacture of precursors to polyurethane. Like most volatile amines, it possesses the somewhat unpleasant odor of rotten fish. It ignites readily, burning with a smoky flame characteristic of aromatic compounds. Aniline is colorless, but it slowly oxidizes and resinifies in air, giving a red-brown tint to aged samples.
Aniline (IUPAC Name); 1-aminobenzene; aminobenzene; arylamine; Benzamine; Benzenamine; Amino benzene; benzeneamine; phenylamine
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