"Dorothy Hodgkin is best known for development of protein crystallography; for confirming the structure of penicillin and vitamin B12, and in 1969 for determining the structure of insulin. Dorothy Hodgkin was a Fellow of the Royal Society and a Fellowship was named in her honour.
"Since 1999, the Oxford International Women's Festival has presented the Dorothy Hodgkin Memorial Lecture, which is a wonderful celebration of a truly outstanding British female scientist."
Rosalind Franklin was also nominated, by Kathryn Parsons, tech entrepreneur, and cofounder and CEO of Decoded. Kathryn told the programme: "She is now well-known for contributing to the discovery of DNA, but she was never recognised for that award, sadly, because she passed away at the young age of 37. Her colleagues went on to win one of the Nobel Prizes for that discovery."
The 20 nominees were used to select a shortlist of 12, which included both Dorothy Hodgkin and Rosalind Franklin, and listeners voted for their favourite during the Today programme on Tuesday 6 February.
The eventual winner was Dame Millicent Fawcett, who is primarily known for her work as a suffragist, campaigning for women to have the vote. She also worked to improve women's opportunities for higher education, and was a co-founder of Newnham College, Cambridge.