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Photoelectron spectroscopy and the future of surface analysis Faraday Discussion

20 - 22 April 2022, London, United Kingdom


This Faraday discussion will be a hybrid event, allowing participation both in person and online. 


Join us in London, or online, in April 2022 for this edition of the Faraday Discussion series. For over 100 years and 300 meetings, Faraday Discussions have been the forefront of physical chemistry. Many of these Discussions have become landmark meetings in their field.
We invite you to join us to discuss new horizons in surface analysis using photoelectron spectroscopy and related methods, and make your contribution to this cutting-edge dialogue.
This meeting is for established and early-career scientists, post-graduate students and industrial researchers interested in changing our understanding of surface chemistry. Given the recent developments in the field, the unique format of the Faraday Discussions will allow for in-depth discussions and opportunities to establish new collaborations, helping to develop the roadmap for the landscape of surface chemistry for the years ahead.
On behalf of the organising committee, I look forward to welcoming you to London, or if you are joining us virtually, online.
Philip R. Davies


Faraday Discussions remain amongst the only conferences to distribute the speakers’ research papers in advance, allowing the majority of each meeting to be devoted to discussion in which all delegates can participate.  Following each meeting a written record of the discussion is published alongside the papers in the Faraday Discussions journal.

Find out more about the Faraday Discussions in the video available. 


Technical advances in probing surface chemistry with photoelectron spectroscopy under ambient pressures and at buried interfaces enables us to capture information on the chemical state under conditions close to real life applications. Meanwhile time-resolved XAS and XES provide the capability of capturing snapshots of the electronic structure of surface states in the femtosecond time regime allowing us to probe reaction pathways with unprecedented precision. There is also a transformation in access to these techniques. These new approaches are changing our understanding of surface chemistry in an extremely diverse range of applications, from device manufacture to in-vivo sensing to catalysis. It is very timely to consider this new knowledge emerging and explore the potential applications of these tools to other areas.
The Faraday Discussion will be organised into the following themes:
In-situ methods: discoveries and challenges
This session will discuss:

  • Our changing understanding of catalytic processes where NAP-XPS is of particular interest
  • Emerging approaches to ambient pressures: pitfalls and advances
  • New areas of application of NAPXPS
  • The role of water in surface processes
  • How has our understanding of real systems been transformed over the last decade by existing in-situ approaches?
  • Flat / single crystal samples vs “real” nano-particulate samples: how can we establish reliable links and conclusions between the two?

Buried interfaces
This session will cover:

  • Applications, relevance and accuracy of sputtering with the new cluster sources.
  • Hard x-ray PES applications
  • Angle resolved PES
  • Electron transport theory and the potential use of the inelastic background
  • Ionisation cross sections at higher energies
  • Emerging approaches. Fundamental limits to present approaches, can they be by-passed?

Time resolved surface analysis (kinetic and molecular timescales)
This session will discuss:

  • What successful strategies have been used in acquiring time resolved surface sensitive data?
  • What are the fundamental limits?
  • Time resolution at the molecular time-scale, i.e. core-hole clock and other resonant photoelectron spectroscopies
  • What are the potential applications?

Future directions
This session will cover:

  • Imaging, high resolution chemical state imaging
  • Electrochemical interfaces
  • Use of 4th-generation (diffraction-limited) synchrotrons for surface spectroscopy
  • Use of Free Electron Lasers in surface spectroscopy in general – technical problems
  • Modelling of XPS/NEXAFS spectra by DFT and other methods
  • ARPES and spin-resolved ARPES

Wendy Flavell (Introductory Lecturer) , University of Manchester, United Kingdom

Wendy Flavell is Professor of Surface Physics at the University of Manchester, UK. She trained initially in inorganic chemistry in Oxford (DPhil) and at Imperial College London (Royal Society URF).  Her research is focussed on the electronic structure of functional materials including semiconductor nanocrystals, oxide catalysts and photocatalysts, tackling questions such as 'how can we make solar cells cheaper and more efficient?'  Much of this work uses photoelectron spectroscopies, including near-ambient-pressure techniques, time-resolved photoemission, depth-profiling approaches using synchrotron radiation and lab-based hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy.  Wendy is a reviewer of programmes for several international accelerator-based light sources including MAX IV (Sweden), and is a member of the Physics sub-panel for REF2021. 

Anders Nilsson (Closing Remarks), Stockholm University, Sweden

Anders Nilsson received a PhD in physics at Uppsala University, Sweden (1989) in the laboratory created by the Nobel Laureate Kai Siegbahn. Before returning to Sweden in 2014 he was 15 years as a professor in Photon Science at Stanford University. His research interests include x-ray spectroscopy and scattering, chemical bonding and reactions on surfaces, ultrafast science, heterogeneous catalysis, electrocatalysis in fuel cells, photocatalysis for converting sunlight to fuels, structure of water and aqueous solutions.
He received the Lindbomska Award at the Swedish Royal Academy of Science, the Royal Oscar Award at Uppsala University, the Shirley Award in Berkeley, the Humboldt Award for senior scientist in Germany and was awarded Honorary Doctorate at Denmark’s Technical University.  The research on water was selected in 2004 by Science Magazine as one of the top ten breakthrough of the year, illustrated in 2014 as cover of Nature and selected as one of the 100 most essential discoveries in 2017 by Discovery Magazine.

Martina Dell'Angela, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR-IOM), Italy

Dr. Martina Dell’Angela received her PhD in physics at University of Trieste (Italy) in 2009. She has been post Doc at University of Hamburg/CFEL in the group of Prof. Wilfried Wurth from 2010 to 2013 and she studied ultrafast chemical reactions with time-resolved X-ray techniques at X-ray free electron laser sources in a joint collaboration with Prof. Anders Nilsson. From 2013 to 2015 she has been post Doc in the group of Prof. Fulvio Parmigiani at the FERMI FEL (Elettra, Italy) and contributed to the design and construction of a RIXS endstation. In 2015 she started her independent career research thanks to a young investigator grant (SIR) from the Italian Ministry of Research. Currently she is permanent researcher at ‘Istituto Officina Dei Materiali’ (IOM) of the Italian National Research Council. She applies time resolved spectroscopies with synchrotrons and X-ray lasers to the study of exciton dynamics in photovoltaic materials.

Giulia Galli, University of Chicago, United States

Giulia Galli is the Liew Family professor of Electronic Structure and Simulations in the Pritzker School of Molecular Engineering and Professor of Chemistry at the University of Chicago. She also holds a Senior Scientist position at Argonne National Laboratory, where she is a group leader and the director of the Midwest Integrated Center for Computational Materials (  She is an expert in quantum simulations of materials and molecules and her research focuses on problems relevant to the development of sustainable energy sources and quantum technologies ( She is a member of the US National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Science, and the International Academy of Quantum Molecular Science.

Olivier Renault, Grenoble Alpes University, France

Dr Olivier Renault is team leader of the Surface Analysis group at the Nanocharacterization Platform of CEA-Leti since 2006. His activities deal with photoemission techniques and analytical methods for device technology and related materials, including X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES) and photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM) for elemental, chemical, work function and band structure imaging, with at times the use of synchrotron radiation. He joined Leti in 2000 after a PhD degree from Grenoble Polytechnical Engineering Institute and a post-doctoral stay at the University of Oxford, UK (Physical Electronics Group, Department of Engineering Science). Since 2015 he has been involved in the organization of events related to photoemission, such as the Focus Topic “Novel Trends in Light Sources” at the Annual Symposium of the American Vacuum Society, and the Photoelectron Spectroscopy Annual Workshop of the French Vacuum Society.

Mathieu G. Silly, Synchrotron SOLEIL, France

Dr. Mathieu G. Silly is beamline Scientist at the TEMPO Beamline at the Synchrotron Soleil in France, since 2008. He is in charge with the development of pump probe experiment using high resolution photoemission spectroscopy to study transient phenomena in photoexcited materials. He was graduated from “Institut d’Optique Graduate School” (France) in 2000 and received his PhD Degree in surface science in 2004 from University of Paris XI (France). In 2005, he worked as a postdoc fellow at the ONERA on the optical properties of hBN wide band gap 2D semiconductor. He joined the synchrotron SOLEIL in 2006 to develop the time resolved photoemission spectroscopy on the TEMPO beamline. After being co beamline manager in 2017, he has been appointed head of LASER installation at the TEMPO beamline. His main research interests include the optical, electronic and chemical properties of 2D and nano materials.

Kelsey Stoerzinger, Oregon State University, United States

Dr. Kelsey A. Stoerzinger joined Oregon State University as an Assistant Professor and Callahan Faculty Scholar in the School of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering in the Fall of 2018. She holds a joint appointment at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, where she was a Linus Pauling Distinguished Postdoctoral Fellow. Kelsey completed her doctoral studies in Materials Science and Engineering in 2016 from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, supported by a National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship. She received an M.Phil. in Physics from the University of Cambridge as a Churchill Scholar and a B.S. from Northwestern University. Prof. Stoerzinger is the recipient of the NSF CAREER Award (2020) and the Doctoral New Investigator Award of the ACS-PRF (2019), in addition to recognition for her contributions as a teacher and advisor.

Abstract Submission

Oral abstracts and research papers

Oral abstract submission is now closed. 

A full research paper containing new unpublished results always accompanies oral presentations at Faraday Discussions. The oral/paper abstract should outline current research in progress. Authors of the selected abstracts must submit a full research paper with a significant amount of new, unpublished work by 29 November 2021.

The research papers are reviewed upon submission and are sent to all delegates 4 weeks before the meeting so they can be read in advance. At the meeting the presenting author is allowed five minutes to highlight the main points of their paper, and the rest of the time is for discussion. The discussion is recorded and will be published alongside the research paper in the Faraday Discussion Volume. 

Poster abstracts

Poster abstract submission is now closed. Posters are displayed throughout the meeting, both in-person and online. The Faraday Division poster prize will be awarded to the best poster presented by a student.
As this Discussion is being planned as a hybrid event we will be using a dedicated online poster platform to show all posters. Poster presenters who are attending the Discussion in-person will also need to print and display their poster physically. If your poster is accepted for this event, you will receive an email from us with further information on how to present your poster.

Additional information

Authors will be notified of the outcome of the review process within about 6 weeks of the submission deadline. The abstracts should be no longer than one A4 page in portrait layout. Please ensure you provide the details of the presenting author and indicate whether you are submitting an abstract for oral or poster presentation. 
Planning your trip

We encourage delegates who are planning to attend events in person to arrange suitable travel and accommodation insurance, which should include cover for the postponement or cancellation of travel caused by regulations and guidelines relating to Covid-19. We also recommend considering flexible travel and accommodation booking options where possible.

In-person registration includes:

  • Attendance at all scientific sessions
  • Live interaction with delegates attending virtually
  • Attendance at the poster session and access to the virtual poster gallery
  • Refreshments throughout the meeting and lunch on all three days
  • Attendance at the poster drinks reception on 20 April 2022
  • Attendance at the conference dinner on 21 April 2022
  • Access to all journal paper pdf “pre-prints” before the meeting
  • Access to recordings of all scientific sessions post-event
  • ***A copy of the Faraday Discussion journal volume, issued approximately 5 months after the meeting, containing all papers presented at the meeting and accompanying discussion comments
  • Please note accommodation is not included in the in-person registration fee
Virtual registration includes:
  • Attendance at all scientific sessions via the Royal Society of Chemistry’s virtual conference platform
  • Live interaction with delegates attending in-person and other online delegates
  • Access to the online poster gallery and exhibitor/sponsor virtual rooms
  • Access to all journal paper pdf “pre-prints” before the meeting
  • Access to recordings of all scientific sessions post-event
  • ***A copy of the Faraday Discussion journal volume, issued approximately 5 months after the meeting, containing all papers presented at the meeting and accompanying discussion comments.

In-person registration fees are as follows (subject to VAT at the prevailing rate):
Type Early Bird Standard
RSC Member* £315 £365
Non-member** £415 £465
Student RSC Member* £145 £195
Student non-member** £175 £225
Accompanying persons £100 £100

Virtual registration fees are as follows (subject to VAT at the prevailing rate):
Type Rate
RSC Member* £95
Non-member** £145
Student RSC Member* £45
Student non-member** £65

* If you are a Royal Society of Chemistry member and wish to register for this meeting, please select the member option on the online registration page. You will need to enter your membership number.

**For non-member registrants, affiliate membership of the Royal Society of Chemistry until the end of 2022 is available, the affiliate membership application will be processed and commence once the registrant has attended the event. 

***Excluding students, who can order the volume at a reduced price at the conference. 

Student delegates

In order to encourage undergraduate or postgraduate students to attend the Discussion, a reduced conference fee is available for students. This fee applies to those undertaking a full-time course for a recognised degree or a diploma at a university or equivalent institution.

A copy of the Faraday Discussion journal volume containing papers presented at the Discussion (issued approximately 5 months after the meeting) is not included in the student registration fee. Students may purchase a copy of the volume at less than half price. This discounted price is available to delegates when ordering during the registration process, or orders placed at the meeting.

Accompanying person

If you would like to bring a guest to the conference, this can be done during the registration process. There will be a charge of £100 which will include all lunches, refreshments and the conference dinner. The fee does not include attendance at any scientific sessions, pre-prints or the journal volume.


The Royal Society of Chemistry is keen to encourage and enable as many people as possible to attend our events, to benefit from the networking opportunities and the chance to hear talks from leaders in the field. If you would like to discuss accessibility, please contact us to discuss your requirements so that we can enable your attendance.

Terms and Conditions for Events run by the Royal Society of Chemistry


Researcher development grant

If you are an RSC member and a PhD student or postdoctoral researcher based at a higher education or research institution you are eligible to apply for a Researcher development grant.

This grant can provide up to £500 towards activities that will develop your skills and experience as a researcher, which includes participation at conferences, either in-person or virtual.

Applications are processed monthly, with the deadline for each round being the last day of the month, and decisions being sent out by the 21st of the following month. Researcher development grants can be applied for in addition to Grants for carers and Assistance grants.

Grants for carers

Grants for carers have been introduced following the Royal Society of Chemistry breaking the barriers report where 78% of chemists working in UK academia felt that managing parenting and/or caring responsibilities has an impact on women’s retention and progression. This fund is not limited to women scientists and welcomes applications from anyone with caring responsibilities. These grants have been supported by the Royal Society of Chemistry’s Chemists’ Community Fund.

You can apply for up to a maximum of £1000 year to assist with additional financial costs that you incur for care usually provided by you whilst you attend a chemistry related meeting, conference or workshop or a professional development event.

Caring responsibilities are wide and varied, and so each application will be individually assessed, examples of applications that we will consider include:
  • paying for extra home help or nursing care for a dependent whilst you will not be present
  • additional medical/respite care for a dependent whilst you will not be present
  • travel expenses for a relative to travel with you to care for dependents whilst you attend a meeting or event
  • paying for extended hours with a care worker/childminder/play scheme to cover time when you will arrive home later than normal.
You are eligible to apply if: 
  • you are a chemist
  • you will incur additional caring expenses whilst attending a chemistry-related meeting, conference, event or workshop or a professional development event
  • you will use these funds to cover the cost of care that you usually provide 
  • you are based in the UK or Ireland or if not, you will normally have held three years RSC membership (past or current).
Sponsorship & supporting organisations
A selection of sponsorship opportunities is available for companies who would like to promote their activities at the 2022 Faraday Discussion series

There are opportunities available to become the Faraday Discussion series sponsor,  Research & Development partner or Poster prize series sponsor as well as some individual meeting options. A sponsorship menu document is available to download from this page with more details and prices.

Please note that exhibition spaces are limited, spaces will be allocated on a first come first served basis.

If you would like more information about sponsoring the 2022 Faraday Discussion series, please contact the Commercial Sales Department at the Royal Society of Chemistry on

We would like to thank the following companies for supporting this Faraday Discussion: Sponsorship Menu
The Royal Society of Chemistry

Royal Society of Chemistry, The Royal Society of Chemistry, Burlington House, Piccadilly, London, W1J 0BA, United Kingdom

This event is a hybrid event. For those attending in-person, venue details are as above. Virtual attendance will take place via the Royal Society of Chemistry’s virtual conference platform. For details of what’s included in virtual and in-person attendance, please see the registration section.

We are actively planning to hold this event in a hybrid format. Should the event move to be held in virtual-only format, any in-person delegate registrations will be refunded for the difference between in-person and virtual registration fees.
Accommodation is not included in the registration fee.

Ellis Salsby run an accommodation booking service, if you would like any assistance please use the link provided.

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