The Chemical Society
In 1841, 77 scientists – including doctors, academics, manufacturers and entrepreneurs – formed the Chemical Society of London, with dialysis inventor Thomas Graham as their first President. Seven years later Queen Victoria granted a Royal Charter to the Society, confirming its purpose of “the general advancement of Chemical Science”.
The Chemical Society was formed as a result of increased interest in scientific matters. One of its aims was to hold meetings for "the communication and discussion of discoveries and observations, an account of which shall be published by the Society".
The Chemical Society of London succeeded where a number of previous chemical associations failed. One assertion of a cause of its success is that it was, unlike its forerunners, a "fruitful amalgamation of the technological and academic chemist". Its activities expanded over the years, including eventually becoming a major publisher in the field of chemistry.