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Fully booked: Liquid Salts for Energy and Materials: Faraday Discussion

11 - 13 May 2016, Ningbo, China

In 1834, Michael Faraday reported his first discovery of the laws of electrolysis, mostly through experiments in molten salts. The field has continued to grow ever since, with developments of various liquid salts, including, but not limited to, oxide melts, ionic liquids, and deep eutectic solvents.

In the context of the global challenges facing our present civilisation, energy technologies and their supporting materials are crucial. A great many opportunities remain, particularly for thermal, electrochemical and nuclear energy vectors in relation to liquid salts. Even fossil energy, and the related CO2 capture, conversion and utilisation can be accommodated efficiently in liquid salts-based processes and devices.

Thanks to their great range of working temperatures, liquid salt innovations can offer significant benefits for improving energy efficiency and reducing the environmental impact of the production of many materials and of processing technologies. Yet, technological advancement relies heavily on a sound understanding of the underlying science of the huge number of liquid salts and their widely varying properties.

With a focus on energy and materials, this Faraday Discussion will offer a unique opportunity for all scientists and engineers to present, discuss and debate recent discoveries and future developments in relation to the understanding and applications of liquid salts, particularly at elevated temperatures.


  • Benefits to energy efficiency and environmental impact
This session will discuss energy efficiency in process chemistry and engineering including, but not limited to, production and processing of both known and new materials in liquid salts, such as:
• nanostructured silicon, carbon, and ceramics,
• carbon-metal, carbon-ceramic, and metal-ceramic hybrids,
• biomass extractions and derivatives.
  • Improvements of energy conversion and storage
This session will cover energy conversion, thermal and electrochemical energy storage, CO2 capture and utilisation, and the related materials issues and innovation, with a highlight of recent progresses in supercapacitors, direct carbon fuel cells, the so called molten-air rechargeable batteries, and others.
  • Developments for nuclear reactors and spent fuels processing
Molten salts based reactors are discussed in conjunction with improved and novel technologies for processing spent fuels in both ionic liquids and molten salts, including the electrolytic approach.
  • Advancement in knowledge of phenomena and processes
Advancements in all fundamental aspects of ionic liquids, deep eutectic solvents, oxide melts, and molten salts, specifically interfacial phenomena and processes, will be discussed and debated in relation to energy conversion and storage, and the supporting materials.


This Faraday Discussion aims to bring together scientists and engineers from academia and industry to discuss and debate the state of the art in liquid salts, to development of a better understanding of their fundamental properties and how their application can help in addressing some of the most important current global challenges.


The Faraday Division have been organising high impact Faraday Discussions in rapidly developing areas of physical chemistry and its interfaces with other scientific disciplines for over 100 years.
Faraday Discussions have a special format where research papers written by the speakers are distributed to all participants before the meeting, and most of the meeting is devoted to discussing the papers. Everyone contributes to the discussion - including presenting their own relevant research.
The research papers and a record of the discussion are published in the journal Faraday Discussions.

The format of the Faraday Discussions meeting is ideal for discussions that transgress the many emerging experimental technologies and theoretical approaches. An auxiliary benefit of the meeting is to bring together established researchers in the field with the new community coming through.
Abstract Submission

Oral Abstracts and Research Papers

A full research paper containing new unpublished results always accompanies oral presentations at Faraday Discussions. Submit an oral/paper abstract if you wish to be considered for an oral presentation and associated published paper. The oral/paper abstract should outline current research in progress. Authors of the selected abstracts must then submit a full research paper with a significant amount of new, unpublished work by 14 December 2015. 

The research papers are reviewed upon submission and are sent to all delegates 4 weeks before the meeting so they can be read in advance. At the meeting the presenting author is allowed five minutes to highlight the main points of their paper, and the rest of the time is for discussion. The discussion is recorded and will be published alongside the research paper in the Faraday Discussion Volume. 

Poster Abstracts

Submit your poster abstract by 14 March 2016. Posters are displayed throughout the meeting and a poster session is held on the first evening. The Faraday Division Poster Prize will be awarded to the best poster presented by a student at the conference. Bursaries are available for student and younger members of the Royal Society of Chemistry in the early stages of their career (typically within 5 years of completing a first or postgraduate degree). See the bursary page for more details.

Additional Information

Authors will be notified of the outcome of the review process within about 6 weeks of the submission deadline. The abstracts should be no longer than one A4 page in portrait layout. Please ensure you provide the details of the presenting author and indicate whether you are submitting an abstract for oral or poster presentation.
Please read the registration information on this page before registering.
You will be able to register by clicking on the online registration link on this page.
Please note accommodation is not included in the registration fee. For your reference, information on some local hotesl may be found on the accomodation page.

Registration includes: 
  • Attendance at the sessions 
  • Refreshments throughout the meeting
  • Lunch on 12 May and 13 May
  • Attendance at the poster drinks reception on 11 May
  • Attendance at the Conference dinner on Tuesday 12 May 
  • A copy of the discussion pre-prints
  • A copy of the final theme issue of Liquid Salts for Energy and Materials: Faraday Discussion containing papers presented at the Discussion (issued approximately 6 months after the meeting)**
  • For non-member registrants, membership of the RSC until the end of 2016                                                         
 Registration fees are as follows:  
Early bird
(by 21 March 2016)
(by 11 April 2016)
Member* ¥3,300.00 ¥3,800.00
Non-member ¥4,200.00 ¥4,700.00
Student member* ¥1,600.00 ¥2,100.00
Student non-member ¥1,800.00 ¥2,300.00

If you are located in China and need Fapiao, please pay registration fee by bank transfer as follows: 
1. 在注册网站正常注册 
2. 付款方式选择”invoice” 
3. 通过对公转账,将会议费转到以下账户。
4. 缴费完后,请填写中文版回执单(Fapiao Request Form)并打印出来,会议现场凭填写好的回执单领取发票。回执单请通过页面下方的“Fapiao Request Form ”下载。 
1. 如需发票抬头为学校/机构名称,请通过对公汇款缴纳参会费用。如用个人账户汇款,我们只能开具个人抬头的发票。 
2. 我单位开具的发票为增值税普通发票,如需增值税专用发票,请联系我们;发票内容为“会议费”。 

3. 汇款请务必写上会议名称和代表姓名2016FDNB/代表姓名”以便会务组将汇款到账的信息及时反馈给您。 

4. 会议报到时,凭填写好的会议回执单领取发票。 

Student Delegates

In order to encourage undergraduate or postgraduate students to attend the Discussion, a reduced conference fee (to include a set of pre-prints but not the final Discussion Volume) is available. This fee applies to those undertaking a full time course for a recognised degree or a diploma at a university or equivalent institution.

A copy of the publication may be purchased at less than half price, only for orders placed at the meeting where an application form will be made available.

Conference Banquet

The conference banquet on Thursday 12 May is included in the regsitration fee

Terms and Conditions for Events run by the Royal Society of Chemistry

There are a number of RSC bursaries available to student and younger members of the RSC in the early stages of their career (typically within 5 years of completing a first or postgraduate degree) who do not have support available from their employer or a research grant. 

Applicants should be RSC members at the time of application and at the meeting for which the travel bursary is being given.

The bursary is £150 per applicant and funding is supplied by the RSC Travel Grant Scheme.

The application form which is available to download from this page should be completed and returned to RSC Events by email by the deadline.

Deadline for applications: 21 March 2016
Programme & pre-prints
Once available, the preprints are available to download from this page by clicking the 'Link' after each article title.

These will be password protected downloads and only available to those who have registered for the meeting.
You will also be able to download the preprints by session or as one pdf from the Introduction section.

Presenting authors are indicated in the programme by an underline. The affiliation is for the presenting author. If the presenting author of your paper has changed since abstract selection please email Please note that this is a draft programme and timings may change.
Sponsorship opportunities
A selection of sponsorship opportunities is available for companies who would like to promote their activities at Liquid Salts for Energy and Materials: Faraday Discussion

As well as booking a table top exhibition space, there are opportunities to sponsor social events, advertise in the abstract book or place a promotional item in delegate packs. A sponsorship menu is available to download from this page with more details and prices.

Please note that exhibition spaces are limited, spaces will be allocated on a first come first served basis.

If you would like more information about sponsoring Liquid Salts for Energy and Materials: Faraday Discussion, please contact the Commercial Sales Department at the Royal Society of Chemistry. Sponsorship Menu
The Nottingham University, Ningbo, China

The Nottingham University, Ningbo, China, The University of Nottingham Ningbo China, 199 Taikang East Road, Ningbo, ., China

Faraday Discussion will take place in the International Conference Centre (ICC), University of Nottingham Ningbo (UNNC). ICC sits by the campus river, at the extension direction of Nottingham’s landmark building Clock Tower. 

Established in 2004, The University of Nottingham Ningbo China was the first Sino-foreign University to open its doors in China. The campus is located in the Ningbo Higher Education Park, Yinzhou district of Ningbo, Zhejiang province. As a thriving port and business city, Ningbo is well located for Shanghai, with high-speed rail links connecting to the two cities in around two hours. 

Travel Guidance

Arrive in Ningbo 
If you arrive at Ningbo airport/train station/coach station, a taxi to the University is the most efficient way to reach campus. It takes about 30 minutes and costs 30-50 RMB. Non-Chinese Speaker can Show the address below to the taxi driver: 
Address: 199 Taikang East Road, University Park, Ningbo 
您好,请带我去宁波诺丁汉大学, 地址:宁波市鄞州区高教园区泰康东路199号 

Arrive in Shanghai 
If you arrive at Shanghai, you can go to Ningbo by coach or by train. Shanghai has two airports - Shanghai Pudong Airport, mainly for international flights and Shanghai Hongqiao Airport, mainly for domestic flights. Hongqiao Airport is very close to Hongqiao Train Station, we suggest you take metro line 10 or Line 2 to Hongqiao Railway Station and go to Ningbo via train. It only takes 5 minutes from Hongqiao airport to Train station. Pudong airport is about 50 km and one hour drive away from train or coach station. 

By coach: On arriving at Shanghai Pudong Airport, you should first transfer to Shanghai South Long-Distance Bus Station which takes around one hour depending on traffic conditions. There are two options to get there: 
-Take a taxi (around 200 RMB) 
-Take Airport Bus Line No. 7 (20 RMB) 
The Airport Bus Line No. 7 drops you right outside Shanghai South Long-Distance Bus Station. The ticket from Shanghai to Ningbo can be bought at the station and costs around 100 RMB. The trip takes two to three hours. Coaches are available every 30 to 50 minutes and between the hours of 07:20 and 20:00. 

By train: On arriving at Shanghai Pudong Airport you should transfer to Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station. This takes approximately one hour depending on traffic conditions. There are two options to get there: 
-Take a taxi (around 200 RMB) 
-Take Metro Line No. 2 (8 RMB and about 90 minutes)  
The train from Shanghai to Ningbo is now only one-hour-forty-minutes. Further details on trains can be found using the link on this page.
Accommodation is NOT covered in the registration fee and should be booked by you. It is strongly suggested you book accommodation 2 month in advance to guarantee your stay during the conference. 

There will be a shuttle bus arranged from Ningbo Wanda Sofitel Hotel between conference venue during conference period. 

We have blocked a certain amount of room before 13 March 2016 at a discounted rate at the Sofitel Hotel at  600RMB per night and Yinyuan Hotel at 248RMB per night, please use the booking forms on this page. Any unbooked rooms will be released from Hotel after 13 March, please make your booking as early as possible. 

In addition to this, there are several other hotel options available near this Sofitel hotel within 5 minutes walking distance. For best availability and immediate acknowledgement, please make your hotel reservations online from expedia etc., or directly from websites of the hotels 

Some hotels are listed for your information only. For more detailed info, please go to hotel booking website or use the booking forms. 

Other information
Poster Session

Date/Time: 17:30 - 18:45 am, 11& 12 May
Place: 1st Floor, International Conference Centre (ICC)
All delegates are welcome to attend the Poster Session.
For poster authors
Please print your poster by yourself and bring it to site with you.
Please stand by your poster during coffee breaks and poster sessions and communicate with the judges and delegates.
Poster Prize Presentation will take place during the closing remarks.
Poster SizeWidth: 90cm * Height 120cm
Poster Number: please find your poster number in the abstract book and locate the corresponding poster board and mount your poster accordingly
Set-up time: after registration or first coffee break before poster session
Take-down Time: after Event finishes
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