This award commemorated the work of Lt-Col Edward Frank Harrison. After qualifying as a pharmaceutical chemist and heading an analytical laboratory, he attempted to enlist in the army at the beginning of World War I. He was rejected, however when gas weapons were first used, chemists, including Harrison were enlisted to devise a defence mechanism for these weapons.
Harrison was credited with producing the first serviceable British gas mask, which he worked upon continuously throughout the war to improve. Harrison died during the war, aged 47 as a result of pneumonia. His works made a significant contribution to the saving of many lives.
In 2008, the Harrison Memorial Prize merged with the Meldola Medal and Prize, and is now known as the Harrison-Meldola Memorial Prize.