How to write your article 

On this page you'll find guidance and tips for first-time and experienced authors on writing style and how to structure an article. We've also included some article templates to help you structure and format your manuscript.

These guidelines are relevant to all of our journals. Please make sure you check the specific journal page for additional guidelines; you'll find the journals listed under Our journals.

Article types

Articles commonly fall into one of three main categories: Full papers, Communications and Reviews. However, each journal will have further, specific article types, so you should always refer to a journal’s specific author guidelines while preparing your manuscript.

Full papers are original, unpublished primary research. Extensions of work that has been published previously in short form such as a Communication are usually acceptable.

Communications must contain original and highly significant work whose high novelty warrants rapid publication. Some journals have page limits for Communications.

Reviews may be an authoritative overview of a field, a comprehensive literature reviews, or tutorial-style reference materials. Reviews are usually invited by the editor, but a topic may be proposed by an author via the editorial office.

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