New solvent technologies to replace use of harmful toxic acids
08 January 2010
Toxic acids and electrolytes currently used in many commercial metal finishing and energy storage processes may soon be replaced with safe solvents thanks to a chemical breakthrough.
Scientists at the University of Leicester have developed ionic liquids solvents which provide a non-toxic, environmentally friendly alternative to harmful solutions. These new liquids can act as "drop-in" replacement technology and perform as well as, or even better than, existing processes.
The team of academics, PhD students and PostDoc researchers from the Department of Chemistry has received over €1 million funding to develop and apply the new technologies.
Dr Karl Ryder, the senior lecturer overseeing the project, said: "One of our aims is to improve the working environment for people within the manufacturing industry by replacing unpleasant, carcinogenic acids or caustic processes with ionic liquids.
"The user experience is very similar for both and no additional equipment or training is required, but the user benefits from a more pleasant and safer working environment."
Funding will drive forward an ongoing Department of Chemistry research programme that began more than four years ago by the IONMET EU project that aimed to develop new ionic solvent technologies to transform metal finishing.
The grants will go towards three new major projects:
- POLYZION is funded under the EU Seventh Framework Programme worth a total of €3.5 million with 9 University and Industrial partners. The concept of this project is to create an environmentally friendly and affordable rechargeable battery for electric vehicle applications. It will develop a more sustainable technology that is light-weight, cheaper and more attainable as the batteries currently used are heavy, expensive and potentially harmful to the environment if damaged.
- RECONIF uses environmentally sustainable ionic liquid solvents to extract metals form solid waste, instead of strong acids or caustic alkalis. The project will focus on recovering heavy metals from domestic battery waste and is funded by the EPSRC/Technology Strategy Board.
- ASPIS will start in 2010, and seeks to develop a new technology for surface treatment of circuit boards which are found in many electronic devices. The commercial processes currently in place are problematic, with failures expensive to industry, and ASPIS will aim to provide an alternative method with funding also from the EU Seventh Framework Programme.
The projects provide the opportunity to apply ionic liquid technologies to the manufacturing industry, providing a safer, more environmentally sustainable alternative to current commercially used methods.
Dr Ryder said: "The funding we have received will carry forward certain key promising aspects of work started with IONMET. Key aspects we will develop are the new battery technology and new surface finishing for circuit boards.
"The battery project is the most exciting for me, as it brings together two research themes I've had side by side for a long time, representing the culmination of two areas of work. I am confident it will be as good as it promises to be.
"It's nice to be involved with both the academic side and the cutting edge of industrial processes. This represents a very challenging combination of fundamental and applied science."
The PolyZion project aims to create a new class of fast rechargeable zinc-polymer battery for hybrid and small electric vehicles applications.
RECONIF is focussed on recovering heavy metals such as Nickel from domestic battery waste
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